What does black footed ferret eat

Black-footed ferrets are carnivores, which means they eat meat. Here we will see what does black-footed ferrets eats.

Black-footed ferrets feed primarily on prairie dogs in the wild. However, in a captive environment, their diet can be very diverse and may include whatever prey species are available where the ferret lives. For example, rodents that might serve as food for black-footed ferrets include mice, rats, squirrels, or rabbits when they are found where the ferrets live. Captive black-footed ferrets have also been known to consume crayfish, insects, and eggs. 

What does black footed ferret eat

Ferrets are obligate carnivores which means they require animal protein to survive. The nutrient profile of a diet that consists of mostly prairie dogs is relatively high in protein and fat, and low in fiber. As a result, black-footed ferrets have been known to develop obesity if their food intake is not limited.


it is important for captive environments to include dietary supplementation or variation in order to maintain the optimal health of the ferret. Supplemental proteins are especially important as they are often lacking from prairie dog diets. These can be added through supplements, such as dog food or kitten formula, or by feeding other types of prey that contain more protein.


A healthy black-footed ferret diet should include raw meat and high levels of animal protein with low to moderate amounts of fruits and vegetables. Ferrets are obligate carnivores so their body is not designed for eating vegetation. too much vegetation in their diet can lead to health problems such as diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, and pancreatitis. 

Egg and fish

Black-footed ferrets in captivity typically eat raw ground meat such as beef, chicken, turkey or pork mixed with dog or cat food to add supplemental protein and fats. They may also consume eggs, canned fish such as sardines, canned dog food, insects such as mealworms and crickets, and cooked beef or chicken bones.

Fruits and vegetables

While fruits and vegetables are not typically harmful to ferrets in small amounts, they should only make up about 5-10 percent of the ferret's diet. Some good examples of healthy fruits and vegetables for ferrets include dark leafy greens, broccoli, squash, and blueberries. 

How much to feed black footed ferret 

In the wild, black-footed ferrets typically eat about 2-4 percent of their body weight in food per day. Captive ferrets should be fed twice a day and given as much food as they will eat within 15 minutes. This typically amounts to about half of a cup per day.

Black-footed ferrets in the wild typically eat prairie dogs that average 60 grams in weight, or about 2 ounces. Captive black-footed ferrets typically do not hunt prey animals but consume food provided to them by their caretakers. Ferrets will also occasionally play with their food before eating it. 


It is important to keep black-footed ferrets healthy because they play such an important role in their ecosystem. They are threatened by extinction, so it is important to protect them and help them thrive. Thank you for learning about what black-footed ferrets eat!

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